Wuwei Jinshi Guo Kai

2022-04-26 0 By

Guo Kai (1760-1840), styled Zhongyi and styled Xue Zhuang, was born in Wuwei County, Liangzhou Prefecture (now Wuwei City, Gansu Province).Qing Qianlong sixty years (1795) second MAO Section Jinshi.Educator and poet in qing Dynasty.At the age of five, Guo Kai was initiated by his father and taught poetry.Before long, his father died and his family was in a poor state. His mother was well-educated and sensible and put up with all kinds of hardships to raise the four orphans of Guo Kai brothers.Her mother encouraged Kai to “only study is business”, but also earnestly warned him from time to time: MPF is a mountain, not if the name;Make a name but diligent, not only hope.This had a great influence on his moral cultivation, clean body and solitude, as well as his later dedication to education.Guo Kai was a disciple of Shandong scholar Niu Yunzhen, whose teacher was Sun 俌(no. Wei Xi), who was proficient in Confucian classics and righteousness, and made art (eight-part essay) to be “rational, mellow and elegant”.Under his guidance, Guo Kaitou studied Confucian classics and learned the art of making and gained a lot.At the end of Qianlong, Di Tao (now Lintao County, Gansu province) wu Zhen ren Lanshan Academy mountain long, Guo Kai admitted to the academy, with Wu learning poetry, ancient literature, day and night reading, to reach the “jiao lip has been exhausted, 爇 temples end not lying” degree, immersed in the wind, SAO, Tang poetry, laid the foundation of the poet.In the fifty-first year of qianlong reign (1786), Guo Kai passed the imperial examination, but failed his three attempts in Beijing.So life into trouble, had to pawn clothes to survive.Through his unremitting efforts, he finally entered the imperial academy in the sixtieth year of Qianlong (1795).Henan yuanwu county magistrate, in magistrate, outstanding achievements, county praise.But because cannot qu yi serve shangguan, angrily resigns to return inside.From then on, never in official, set up accounts to teach students, lifelong teaching work.Successively served as chief of Kuiwenyuan in Lingzhou (now Lingwu County, Ningxia) and Mountain chief of Tianti Academy in Liangzhou.He also worked as a tutor for Yang Fang, governor of Gansu province, to teach his children.After Guo Kai’s death, Yang Fang wrote a poem, reviewing Guo Kai’s educational achievements in his whole life and expressing his feelings of remembrance.Jinzhou political achievement monument in the strong old reputation list.After the book streamer open copy, dress force former sages.Sac piano for idle fu, peach Li Chunrong jiang ledger edge.When Guo Kai was the head of the Kuiwenyuan, he had a good friendship with Yang Fangcan, the governor of Lingzhou. Taking Wen Weng, the educationist of the Western Han Dynasty, as an example, guo Kai was determined to run the Kuiwenyuan well, and worked hard to teach and read, hoping that the potential talents like “repairing scale” and “feng” in Lingzhou would soon rise.To this end, he instructed his students not to follow the rules, but to explore.He repeatedly taught the image of the language to cherish the time, study hard, not a taste of the study, and should constantly seek deep, dedicated to the original, climb the peak.Guo Jie in teaching, wrote lots of poems, sets the poem “the dream of snow cottage eight volumes, and renew the draft” three volumes, and “read ShiLu”, including the poem “the dream of snow cottage and the renewal draft by wuwei Duan Yongen put it in 1916 and wuwei jinshi Li Yunfang’s” drunken snow guan heritage grass “to” gu Zang guo Li Erjia poem grass “handed down from ancient times and published.He also spent forty noon time, day and night reading zhouyi, later compiled a collection of scholars since the Song and Yuan dynasties, with his own experience, compiled into a Dream snow Cottage Reading Yi Lu, 23 years jiaqing (1818 -) by Yang Fang, published at his own cost.At the beginning of Jiaqing, Yang Fangcan, the governor of the prefecture, asked Guo Kai to compile lingzhou Chronicles. In order to collect materials, Guo Kai guang classified them into 18 categories by referring to the style of Literature General Examination. Each category was preceded by a small preface to outline the gist of this category, so that readers could grasp it in their minds.In the third year of Jiaqing (1798), Yang Fangcan left office, and feng Yantai, the governor of the new department, donated money for the publication, named “Chronicles of Lingzhou”.This four-volume Chronicles is the earliest one of Lingwu, it from the Han and Tang dynasties to the early Qing Jiaqing, so that the geography, humanities, economic preparation of the state contained in them, has important reference value.Guo Kai wrote the poem “spit words day pull out, desolate dust 壒, not carved, natural towel.Such as jade, a clear prince;And such as guqin wine, yuan populism alcohol clean;It is very poor, and taste of infinite.(Li Yukai “Dream snow thatched Cottage poetry manuscript preface”) such as “Jinshan Temple evening look” : toward the sunshine river dry, smoke from thatched hut.From time to time bask in demoiselle, dimly in mangrove.First read plain, fine play is ethereal free and easy, endless aftertaste.However, he was not a scholar who “read only sages and did not listen to things outside the window”. In his early years of hardship, he faced the reality of political corruption and people’s hunger and suffering, but also wrote a reflection of the suffering of farmers, concerned about current politics and encouraged students to advance and realistic works.Such as writing to reflect the farmers suffering of the poem “get letter” second: see said scorched dragnet, ning cool border with.Fire cloud thousands of miles cloth, red thousands of tong.Shi Poor raw thin, noon shortage plan benefit poor.Cry hungry pity the child, cable rice to the door east.Without algae painting, pure use of line drawing, write the miserable situation of farmers suffering from hunger and cold, with moving power.He expressed his true feelings in clear and natural language, and was praised by later generations.