On the protection and inheritance of red cultural relics in Wuxiang County
Brief Discussion on the Protection and Inheritance of Red Cultural Relics in Wuxiang County. Cultural Relics World, no. 04, 2020 song Qiang abstract:This paper expounds the preservation status of wuxiang county red cultural relics and the reform of the system and mechanism of the revolutionary cultural relics concentration area, and takes “Wuxiang Eighth Route Army Memorial Hall” as the research object, puts forward corresponding improvement measures for the protection of the immovable revolutionary cultural relics in Wuxiang County, and promotes the protection and inheritance of the red cultural relics.Wuxiang County is a major county of revolutionary cultural relics in our province. During the Anti-Japanese War, wuxiang County was the only place where the headquarters of the Eighth Route Army had been stationed for five times, with a total time of 536 days.During the Anti-Japanese War, it was the headquarters of the Eighth Route Army, the central Uttar Pradesh Bureau of the Communist Party of China and the location of the three main divisions. It was an important part of the Anti-japanese democratic base behind the enemy lines in Taihang and Taiyue.There are a large number of immovable revolutionary cultural relics in Wuxiang county, including 1 national key cultural relic protection unit, 1 Shanxi provincial cultural relic protection unit, 2 municipal and county cultural relic protection units, and 147 ungraded cultural relic protection units, all of which are precious treasures left by the revolutionary ancestors.Due to natural and man-made reasons, the conservation status of the upper level of cultural relics protection units is better, while the conservation status of the unrated cultural relics protection units is very poor, and the current situation is worrying. Due to the limited financial resources of the county, it cannot be protected and restored, which is difficult to meet the overall protection, utilization and development in the future.(a) natural factors, urban and rural construction do not remove the damage of red cultural relics revolutionary cultural relics are suffering from natural factors such as wind, snow, thunder, electricity damage, with the passage of time, this will become increasingly serious erosion, if not timely to protect their architectural ontology to reinforce, such damage will gradually deepened, eventually into a new historical relics.At the same time, urban and rural construction of revolutionary cultural relics caused inevitable damage, the protection and renovation of village have a lack of reasonable guidance, because most of the property owned by individuals, residents spontaneous rebuilding, reconstruction of behavior as well as the related construction project with the development of red tourism country cannot get effective control, cause of cultural relics, historical buildings and cultural relics around the destruction of the historical environment.Others are distributed in villages with poor traffic, and it is very difficult to manage cultural relics at the grass-roots level.(2) Insufficient funds for the protection of red cultural relics and imperfect protection mechanism Due to limited financial resources, Wuxiang County has insufficient investment in the supporting construction of the revolutionary cultural relics protection and utilization area.The government does not attach much importance to the protection of red cultural relics, and the protection mechanism is not sound. Moreover, due to the different financial situations of cities and towns, there is little investment in the protection of red cultural relics, and the protection funds cannot be guaranteed. Many red cultural relics have not been effectively repaired, which leaves many hidden dangers.Wuxiang County is the main breeding ground of the great Taihang spirit, a famous old revolutionary base area in China, and a key county of national revolutionary cultural relics.In recent years, Wuxiang County in accordance with the office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the Office of The State Council “opinions on implementing the Revolutionary Cultural Relics Protection and Utilization Project 2018-2022” and “Shanxi Province Revolutionary Cultural Relics Protection and utilization Project implementation Plan” for deployment, to promote the implementation of centralized revolutionary cultural relics protection and utilization project.Around the reform of system and mechanism of revolutionary cultural relics intensive area, Wuxiang County focused on the following five aspects of work.In the management mechanism, Wuxiang county in the red tourism development and management center to hang “the eighth Route Army headquarters Wangjiayu area management Committee” brand, responsible for the management of Wangjiayu area.In terms of development and utilization, in addition to the investment from the superior, Wuxiang County adopts the market-oriented approach and actively introduces social capital to develop the area and strengthen the protection and inheritance of red cultural relics and culture.In property rights disposal, wuxiang county government mainly adopted two disposal methods.One is to purchase the former site of the secretariat of affiliated organs of Wangjiayu Headquarters;In Wangjiayu Village and Shigadi Village, share cooperation and property rights replacement shall be carried out. Each village collective shall take the lead in establishing cooperative or joint-stock company, and participate in the shareholding cooperation after third-party evaluation, among which the village collective accounts for 70% and the individual accounts for 30%. The right of property rights shall be 10 years.In the area governance, the Wuxiang County government insists on implementing the organic combination of village greening, rural revitalization strategy, rural living environment improvement and other policies, integrating special funds for agriculture, water conservancy, transportation, poverty alleviation and so on, concentrating on promoting the comprehensive governance of the area.In terms of integrated development, the Wuxiang County government insists on the organic combination of building national whole-area tourism demonstration area and centralized continuous protection and utilization of revolutionary cultural relics. It has invested 300 million yuan in the construction of the second phase of red Tourism Road and invested in the construction of wangjiayu coal transport special line project, which has made effective progress.Cultural relics of the three, red cultural heritage protection strategy (a) establish special institutions for the protection of cultural relics shall not move of revolutionary cultural relics protection and inheritance is a long-term work, is also a need to “top know astronomy, bottom know geography,” the professionalism of the work, establish special red cultural relics protection agency is the foundation of red cultural heritage effectively cultural relics.Establish revolutionary history memorial hall, the introduction of cultural relics protection professional staff, so that the red cultural relics have special protection agencies and professional personnel for protection and inheritance, set foot on the specialized cultural inheritance, form the protection of cultural relics departments at all levels to promote the development of red cultural relics protection and inheritance pattern.Taihang Memorial Hall of the Eighth Route Army is located in the west of Wuxiang county. It is the only large-scale revolutionary memorial hall comprehensively reflecting the eight-year history of the Eighth Route Army’s Anti-Japanese War in China and a national memorial facility for Anti-Japanese War.The memorial Hall was inscribed by Comrade Deng Xiaoping and opened in September 1988. In 2005, it underwent large-scale renovation and expansion, and in 2015, it underwent special renovation and upgrading.In 2008, it was awarded the national First-class museum by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage, covering a total area of 148,000 square meters, including 19,000 square meters of construction area and 12,000 square meters of exhibition area. It has collected 6,194 precious Anti-Japanese War cultural relics (sets), including 98 first-class cultural relics, 93 second-class cultural relics and 297 third-class cultural relics.The categories can be classified into document publicity materials, weapons, iron and other metal ware, lacquerware, calligraphy and paintings, seal plates, glassware, ancient books, stamp products and transportation tools.The protection of cultural relics is a cause of public welfare, and it needs the input of huge public financial funds. Otherwise, all the “great attention” and “scientific planning” are just words on paper and cannot be put into practice.In recent years, although by local public finance, red cultural relics protection and inheritance are orderly, but after all is a drop in the ocean, the protection of the resources, (3) establish a scientific inheritance mechanism according to the relevant provisions of the state and the local actual situation, governments at all levels must establish scientific work mechanism, the protection of cultural relics of culture and local red inheritance to work plans.In the protection and utilization project of Wangjiayu area, the headquarters of the eighth Route Army, Wuxiang County has made efforts to build the demonstration project of protection and utilization of revolutionary cultural relics in Shanxi, Hebei and Henan areas.Formulated the strategy of “three combination” : one is to adhere to the protection of cultural relics concentrated red with patriotism education, revolutionary tradition education, the combination of mining value of red cultural relics of culture and spirit connotation, vigorously carry forward the spirit of the taihang, red inheritance gene, try our best to create the best products in the most education significance of the red area.Second, adhere to the combination of centralized protection and utilization of red cultural relics and the development of cultural tourism industry, improve the tourism service function of the area, create high-quality routes for red cultural tourism, and improve the development level of the red cultural tourism industry.Third, adhere to the combination of centralized protection and utilization of revolutionary cultural relics and rural revitalization strategy, speed up the construction of beautiful countryside and the integrated development of urban and rural areas, comprehensively promote the steady and sustainable increase of local people’s income, and promote the high-quality and high-speed development of the county’s economy.At present, there are still many immovable revolutionary cultural relics scattered among the people. In order to protect this part of cultural relics, it is imperative to improve residents’ awareness of the protection of red cultural relics.Can victory of the war of resistance against Japan, such as National Day revolution anniversary as an opportunity, in the eighth route army taihang memorial hall and the general revolutionary history memorial red cultural relics cultural literacy and education activities, within the scope of the whole society to improve people to the participation of the inheritance of cultural relics protection, inspire people to revolutionary heritage protection of cultural relics of the sense of responsibility,Contribute to the protection and inheritance of red cultural relics.