How is it that the German navy, which fell into disrepair after the first world War, has recovered in just 20 years?

2022-07-09 0 By

After the first World war, when the victors shared the fruits of victory, they did not forget to put heavy shackles on the perpetrators.Apart from the Ottoman Empire and austria-Hungary, which ceased to exist after the war, Germany became the main target of European countries and the United States.Under treaties at the time, Germany could only have eight old warships for coastal defense.However, in The Second World War, the German navy showed no signs of being “emassuated” by the treaty, and even caused no small hindrance to the well-known “maritime power” Britain.Why did the German navy come back from the dead in just 20 years and the rest of the world look the other way?Of course not, at that time, the United States, Britain, France and other countries for Germany’s defensive psychology is quite strong.Not only did it limit German steel production, but it also regulated the timing of the replacement of warships in the German navy.When the United States, Britain and France require that a new Warship built by Germany be launched, it must be at least 20 years before the warship it wants to replace is launched, which means that Germany cannot replace the warship in a short period of time even with new technology.Under such rules, Germany cannot turn itself around in just 20 years.As the so-called policy has countermeasures, Germany did not violate the peace treaty under the circumstances, the naval warship technology to the extreme.Germans, looking forward to a national revival, poured into battleship manufacturing.Only a few years after the defeat, Germany developed a standard tonnage, faster ironclad ships.Then Germany developed the faster Scharnhorst class battlecruiser. Although this battleship was not as strong as the trench warfare capability of Britain and France, it won briskly and gave full play to the speed advantage of “fight but run”. World War II proved that Germany’s idea was correct.Because according to the slow development of the navy, even if Germany abandoned the research and development of land and air combat readiness and devoted all energy to the development of the navy, it would not be able to defeat The British head on.It was this understanding that led Germany to build small fast and destructive warships.Meanwhile, the Washington Naval Treaty signed by Britain, France and Japan was about to expire.The world was a delicate place with plans to develop more powerful naval vessels, so few countries wanted to renew the treaty.Taking advantage of this opportunity, Germany set about developing a 35,000-ton warship without any supervision.Immediately after the battleship idea was completed, Germany announced the abolition of the Versailles treaty restrictions on the German navy.Indeed, Germany is taking a gamble that other powers do not have the energy to restrain themselves.And to reduce its chances of being punished, Germany turned to Britain and signed an agreement that allowed Britain to approve its naval fleet under the condition that it did not make up more than 35% of Britain’s fleet.At this point, Germany cleared the way for its own naval construction.But Germany’s ambitions did not stop there, and Britain was so blinded by German weakness that it did not notice signs of a revival of the German navy.After the Washington Naval Treaty expired, France, Italy and Japan rejected the New Treaty led by Britain.While Britain was fighting these three nations, Germany was officially building the larger Bismarck class battleships.Only then did Britain realize Germany’s ambition and immediately asked Germany to limit the Bismarck class to 35,000 tons, but Germany ignored Britain’s request.Thus, taking advantage of the disarray of other countries, the German navy was able to recover.